Revealing the interplay of natural forces: the wind drives the rain, the rain dictates what types of plants grow and create pollen that rides in the wind.


Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Galvanized steel poles, blown-glass rain gauges, pollen-yellow windsocks, sandblasted slides of pollen samples, mowed trail

275 feet wide x 150 feet deep



Wind Rain Pollen brings together various materials, forms, and systems of measurement to explore the interplay of the natural forces that have created the site. Blown-glass rain gauges and pollen-yellow windsocks are mounted on 18-foot-tall steel poles.

 The five windsocks show the prevailing winds, while the rain gauges fill with precipitation over the course of six months. The gauges are calibrated to compare the local rainfall with other cities and biomes in the United States, as well as the rain by spoonful.

Images of enlarged pollen samples from surrounding plants are sandblasted onto glass. Mounted on 8-foot-tall steel booths, the pollen slides act like magnifying glasses, allowing visitors to observe what is floating in the air. The pollen booths are connected by a sinuous mowed path.

Interacting with these various structural elements, visitors can understand how the wind drives the rain, the quantity of rain determines the type of vegetation, and the vegetation’s pollen, coming full circle, rides the wind.