These six frames detail the water treatment park acid mine in Vitondale, PA.



Kassel, Germany


Glass, galvanized steel, materials from site

Six frames, each 24 inches x 24 inches x 2 inches

In collaboration with Julie Bargmann, Landscape Architect.

Part of documenta 11. 


Testing the Waters details the treatment process of the 40 acre water treatment park Acid Mine Drainage and Art in Vintondale, PA. Acid mine drainage (AMD) pollutes hundreds of streams in Pennsylvania. Because the project is landscape based, and cannot move from its site, Testing the Waters was created as a mobile artwork to show aspects of the water treatment taking place out in the post-industrial landscape of a coal mining region in Pennsylvania. The project is a series of galvanized metal frames that hold plates of glass sandblasted with images and maps of the project with the actual materials from the site packed in behind the glass. 

The frames contain liquid aqueous solution, yellowboy, coal, biomass, reddog, and limestone.

This frame shows the intricate map of mining chambers under the ground in Vintrondale Mine #6 and contains coal.

This collaborative project was completed for documenta 11. documenta is a contemporary exhibition of art that takes place every five years in Kassel, Germany. The exhibition is on view for one hundred days and generally includes site-specific works.

Plans of the AMD & Art Project.